What is a Ship’s Binnacle?
The binnacle for navigation was not invented by a single individual, but its development and improvement occurred over time through various contributions. The concept of a housing or stand for the ship’s compass dates back centuries, with multiple inventors and craftsmen refining the design of the binnacle.
The binnacle, essentially a protective housing for the ship’s compass, played a pivotal role in ensuring precise navigation by shielding the compass from the magnetic influences of the ship’s structure. As ships grew in size and complexity, the need for accurate navigation became more critical, leading to the deployment of multiple binnacles on larger vessels. These strategically placed binnacles, often up to four in number, helped sailors obtain more reliable compass readings, especially when sailing near large amounts of iron or other magnetic materials.
To enhance the accuracy of the compass further William Thomson, Baron Kelvin, redesigned binnacles to better compensate for magnetic deviation and introduced the iron balls that are placed on either side. They are named Kelvin’s balls in his honor. These spheres aided in minimizing deviations caused by the ship’s metal components, contributing to more reliable navigation.
Despite advancements in electronic navigation systems, modern ships, especially those engaged in international travel, are still required to carry a standard magnetic compass. The traditional placement of this compass within a binnacle persists, highlighting the enduring importance of this invention in maritime navigation.
You can find a binnacle displayed on the 2nd floor of the museum.